11.1 Headache attributed to disorder of cranial bone
Bhatoe HS, Deshpande GU. Primary cranial Ewing’s sarcoma. Br J Neurosurg 1998; 12: 165-169.

Hayashi T, Kuroshima Y, Yoshida K, Kawase T, Ikeda E, Mukai M. Primary osteosarcoma of the sphenoid bone with extensive periosteal extension – case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 2000; 40: 419-422.

Scherer A, Engelbrecht V, Nawatny J, Messing-Junger M, Reifenberger G, Modder U. MRI of the cerebellopontine angle in patients with cleidocranial dysostosis. Rofo Fortschr Geb Rontgenstr Neuen Bildgeb Verfahr 2001; 173: 315-318.

11.2.1 Cervicogenic headache
Antonaci F, Fredriksen TA, Sjaastad O. Cervicogenic headache: clinical presentation, diagnostic criteria, and differential diagnosis. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2001; 5: 387-392.

Antonaci F, Ghirmai S, Bono G, Sandrini G, Nappi G. Cervicogenic headache: evaluation of the original diagnostic criteria. Cephalalgia 2001; 21: 573-583.

Bogduk N, Corrigan B, Kelly P, Schneider G, Farr R. Cervical Headache. Med J Aust 1985; 143: 202-207.

Bogduk N. Cervicogenic headache: anatomic basis and pathophysiologic mechanisms. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2001; 5: 382-386.

Bogduk N: Headache and the neck. In: Goadsby PJ, Silberstein SD (eds): Headache. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann 1997: 369-381.

Fredriksen TA, Sjaastad O. Cervicogenic headache: current concepts of pathogenesis related to anatomical structure. Clin Exp Rheumatol 2000; 18 (2 Suppl 19): S16-18.

Göbel H, Edmeads JG. Disorders of the skull and cervical spine. In: Olesen J, Tfelt-Hansen P, Welch KMA (eds). The Headaches. 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2000: 891-898.

Knackstedt, H, Bansevicius, Dalius, Kjersti Aaseth, et al. Cervicogenic headache in the general population: The Akershus study of chronic headache. Cephalalgia 2010; 30: 1468-1476.

Lance JW, Anthony M. Neck-tongue syndrome on sudden turning of the head. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 1980; 43: 97-101.

Leone M, D’Amico D, Grazzi L, Attanasia A, Bussone G: Cervicogenic headache: a critical review of the current diagnostic criteria. Pain 1998; 78: 1-5.

Leone M, D’Amico D, Moschiano F, Farinotti M, Fillipini G, Bussone G: Possible identification of cervicogenic headache among patients with migraine: an analysis of 374 headaches. Headache 1995; 35: 461-464.

Lord S, Barnsley L, Wallis B, Bogduk N: Third occipital headache: a prevalence study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 1994; 57: 1187-1190.

Lord SM, Bogduk N: The cervical synovial joints as sources of post-traumatic headache. J Musculoskel Pain 1996; 4: 81-94.

Poughias L, Kruszewski P, Inan L. Cervicogenic headache: a clinical review with special emphasis on therapy. Funct Neurol 1997; 12: 305-317.

Sjaastad O, Fredriksen TA, Stolt-Nielsen A, Salvesen R, Jansen J, Pareja JA, Sjaastad O, Fredriksen TA. Cervicogenic headache: the importance of sticking to the criteria. Funct Neurol 2002; 17: 35-36.

Sjaastad O, Bakketeig LS. Prevalence of cervicogenic headache: Vågå study of headache epidemiology. Acta Neurol Scand 2008; 117: 173-180.

11.2.2 Headache attributed to retropharyngeal tendonitis
Eastwood JD, Hudgins PA, Malone D. Retropharyngeal effusion in acute calcific prevertebral tendonitis: diagnosis with CT and MR imaging. Am J Neuroradiol 1998; 19: 1789-1792.

Ekbom K, Torhall J, Annell K, Traff J. Magnetic resonance imaging in retropharyngeal tendonitis. Cephalalgia 1994; 14: 266-269.

Pearce JM. Longus cervicis colli “myositis” (syn: retropharyngeal tendonitis). J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 1996; 61: 324-329.

Sarkozi J, Fam AG. Acute calcific retropharyngeal tendonitis: an unusual cause of neck pain. Arthritis Rheum 1984; 27: 708-710.

11.2.3 Headache attributed to craniocervical dystonia
Csala B, Deuschl G. Craniocervical dystonia. Pragmatic general concept or nosologic entity? Nervenarzt 1994; 65: 75-94.

Friedman J, Standaert DG. Dystonia and its disorders. Neurol Clin 2001; 19: 681-705.

Göbel H, Deuschl G. Dauerkontraktionen kranialer oder zervikaler Muskeln. Münchener Medizinische Wochenschrift 1997; 139: 456-458.

Göbel H, Heinze A, Heinze-Kuhn K, Austermann K. Botulinum toxin A in the treatment of headache syndromes and pericranial pain syndromes. Pain 2001; 91: 195-199.

Markham CH. The dystonias. Curr Opin Neurol Neurosurg 1992; 5: 301-307.

11.3 Headache attributed to disorder of the eyes
Akinci A, Güven A, Degerliyurt A, Kibar E, Mutlu M, Citirik M. The correlation between headache and refractive errors. J AAPOS 2008; 12: 290-293.

Daroff RB. Ocular causes of headache. Headache 1998; 38: 661-667.

Daum KM, Good G, Tijerina L. Symptoms in video display terminal operators and the presence of small refractive errors. J Am Optom Assoc 1988; 59: 691-697.

Gerling J, Janknecht P, Kommerell G. Orbital pain in optic neuritis and anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Neuro-Ophthalmology 1998; 19: 93-99.

Göbel H, Martin TJ. Ocular disorders. In: Olesen J, Tfelt-Hansen P, Welch KMA. The Headaches. 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2000: 899-904.

Gordon GE, Chronicle EP, Rolan P. Why do we still not know whether refractive error causes headaches? Towards a framework for evidence based practice. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2001;21: 45-50.

Lewis J, Fourman S. Subacute angle-closure glaucoma as a cause of headache in the presence of a white eye. Headache 1998; 38: 684-686.

McCluskey PJ, Lightman S, Watson PG et al. Posterior scleritis. Clinical features, systemic associations, and outcome in a large series of patients. Ophthalmology 1999; 106: 2380-2386.

Tychsen L, Tse DT, Ossoinig K, Anderson RL. Trochleitis with superior oblique myositis. Ophthalmology 1984; 91: 1075-1079.

Yangüela J, Pareja JA, Lopez N, Sanchez del Rio M. Trochleitis and migraine headache. Neurology 2002; 58: 802-805.

Yangüela J, Sánchez del Rio M, Bueno A, et al. Primary trochlear headache. A new cephalgia generated and modulated on the trochlear region. Neurology 2004; 62: 1134-1140.

Zaragoza-Casares P, Gómez-Fernández T, Gómez de Liaño MA, Zaragoza-Garcia P. Bilateral idiopathic trochleitis as a cause of frontal cephalgia. Headache 2009; 49: 476-477.

11.5 Headache attributed to disorder of the nose or paranasal sinuses
Aaseth K, Grande RB, Benth JŠ, Lundqvist C, Russell MB. 3-year follow-up of secondary chronic headaches: the Akershus study of chronic headache. Eur J Pain 2011; 15: 186-192.

Aaseth K, Grande RB, Kvaerner K, Lundqvist C, Russell MB. Chronic rhinosinusitis gives a ninefold increased risk of chronic headache. The Akershus study of chronic headache.
Cephalalgia 2010; 30: 152-160.

Abu-Bakra M, Jones NS. Prevalence of nasal mucosal contact points in patients with facial pain compared with patients without facial pain. J Laryngol Otol 2001; 115: 629-632.

Blumenthal HJ. Headache and sinus disease. Headache 2001; 41: 883-888.

Boes CJ, Swanson JW, Dodick DW. Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania presenting as otalgia with a sensation of external acoustic meatus obstruction: two cases and a pathophysiologic hypothesis. Headache 1998; 38: 787-791.

Cady RK, Dodick DW, Levine HL, et al. Sinus headache: A neurology, otolaryngology, allergy and primary care consensus on diagnosis and treatment. Mayo Clin Proc 2005; 80: 908-916.

Close LG, Aviv J. Headaches and disease of the nose and paranasal sinuses. Semin Neurol 1997; 17: 351-354.

De Vuyst D, De Schepper AM, Parizel PM. Chronic cocaine abuse. JBR-BTR 2001; 84: 60.

Göbel H, Baloh RW. Disorders of ear, nose, and sinus. In: Olesen J, Tfelt-Hansen P, Welch KMA. The Headaches. 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2000: 905-912.

Kenny TJ, Duncavage J, Bracikowski J, Yildirim A, Murray JJ, Tanner SB. Prospective analysis of sinus symptoms and correlation with paranasal computed tomography scan. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2001; 125: 40-43.

Lam DK, Lawrence HP, Tenenbaum HC. Aural symptoms in temporomandibular disorder patients attending a craniofacial pain unit. J Orofac Pain 2001; 15: 146-157.

Lanza DC, Kennedy DW. Adult rhinosinusitis defined. Report of the Rhinosinusitis Task Force Committee of the American Academy of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997; 117: S1-S7.

Levine HL. Patients with headache and visual disturbance: a differentiation between migraine and sinus headache. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2000: 126: 234-235.

Murphy E, Merrill RL. Non-odontogenic toothache. J Ir Dent Assoc 2001; 47: 46-58.

Pinto A, De Rossi SS, McQuone S, Sollecito TP. Nasal mucosal headache presenting as orofacial pain: a review of the literature and a case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2001; 92: 180-183.

Sandstrom M, Wilen J, Oftedal G, Hansson Mild K. Mobile phone use and subjective symptoms. Comparison of symptoms experienced by users of analogue and digital mobile phones. Occup Med (Lond) 2001; 51: 25-35.

Seiden AM, Martin VT. Headache and the frontal sinus. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2001; 34: 227-241.

Sydbom A, Blomberg A, Parnia S, Stenfors N, Sandstrom T, Dahlen SE. Health effects of diesel exhaust emissions. Eur Respir J 2001; 17: 733-746.

Tosun F, Gerek M, Ozkaptan Y. Nasal surgery for contact point headaches. Headache 2000; 40: 237-240.

West B, Jones NS. Endoscopy-negative, computed tomography-negative facial pain in a nasal clinic. Laryngoscope 2001; 111 (4 Pt 1): 581-586.

11.6 Headache attributed to disorder of the teeth or jaw
Allen DT, Voytovich MC, Allen JC. Painful chewing and blindness: signs and symptoms of temporal arteritis. J Am Dent Assoc 2000; 131: 1738-1741.

Ciancaglini R, Radaelli G. The relationship between headache and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder in the general population. J Dent 2001; 29: 93-98.

Egermark I, Carlsson GE, Magnusson T. A 20-year longitudinal study of subjective symptoms of temporomandibular disorders from childhood to adulthood. Acta Odontol Scand 2001; 59: 40-48.

Epstein JB, Caldwell J, Black G. The utility of panoramic imaging of the temporomandibular joint in patients with temporomandibular disorders. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2001; 92: 236-239.

Henrikson T, Ekberg EC, Nilner M. Symptoms and signs of temporomandibular disorders in girls with normal occlusion and Class II malocclusion. Acta Odontol Scand 1997; 55: 229-235.

Ivanhoe CB, Lai JM, Francisco GE. Bruxism after brain injury: successful treatment with botulinum toxin-A. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1997; 78: 1272-1273.

Kirveskari P. Prediction of demand for treatment of temporomandibular disorders. J Oral Rehabil 2001; 28: 572-575.

Magnusson T, Egermark I, Carlsson GE. A longitudinal epidemiologic study of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders from 15 to 35 years of age. J Orofac Pain 2000; 14: 310-319.

Marcusson A, List T, Paulin G, Dworkin S. Temporomandibular disorders in adults with repaired cleft lip and palate: a comparison with controls. EOS 2001; 23: 193-204.

Sonnesen L, Bakke M, Solow B. Malocclusion traits and symptoms and signs of temporomandibular disorders in children with severe malocclusion. Eur J Orthod 1998; 20: 543-559.

11.7 Headache attributed to temporomandibular disorder (TMD)
Ciancaglini R, Radaelli G. The relationship between headache and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder in the general population. J Dent 2001; 29: 93-98.

Dworkin SF. Research siagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders: current status & future relevance. J Oral Rehabil 2010; 37: 734-743.

Jacome D. Primary yawning headache. Cephalalgia 2001; 21: 697-699.

List T, Wahlund K, Larsson B. Psychosocial functioning and dental factors in adolescents with temporomandibular disorders: a case-control study. J Orofac Pain 2001; 15: 218-227.

Molina OF, dos Santos Junior J, Nelson SJ, Nowlin T. Profile of TMD and bruxer compared to TMD and nonbruxer patients regarding chief complaint, previous consultations, modes of therapy, and chronicity. Cranio 2000; 18: 205-219.

Ogus H. Degenerative disease of the temporomandibular joint and pain-dysfunction syndrome. J Roy Soc Med 1978; 71: 748-754.

Schiffman E, Ohrbach R, Truelove E, Look J, Anderson G, Goulet J-P, List T, Svensson P, Brooks S, Ceusters W, Cowley T, Drangsholt M, Ettlin D, Gaul C, Goldberg L, Gonzalez Y, Haythornthwaite J, Hollender L, Jensen R, John M, deLaat A, deLeeuw R, Lobbezoo F, Maixner W, van der Meulen M, Michelotti A, Murray G, Nixdorf D, Palla S, Petersson A, Pionchon P, Smith B, Visscher C, Zakrzewska J, Dworkin SF. Diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (DC/TMD) for clinical and research applications: Recommendations of the International RDC/TMD Consortium Network and Orofacial Pain Special Interest Group. J Orofacial Pain 2013 (in press).

Schiffman ES, Ohrbach R, List T, Anderson G, Kang W, Jensen R, John MT, Nixdorf D, Goulet, JP, Truelove E, Clavel A, Fricton J, Look J.  Diagnostic criteria for headache attributed to temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Cephalalgia 2012; 32: 683-692.

11.8 Head or facial pain attributed to inflammation of the stylohyoid ligament
Colby CC, Del Gaudio JM. Stylohyoid complex syndrome: a new diagnostic classification. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2011; 137: 248-252.