13.1.1 Classical trigeminal neuralgia
Benoliel R, Sharav Y. Trigeminal neuralgia with lacrimation or SUNCT syndrome? Cephalalgia 1998; 18: 85-90.

Benoliel R, Eliav E, Sharav Y. Self-reports of pain-related awakenings in persistent orofacial pain patients. J Orofac Pain 2009; 23: 330-338.

Bowsher D. Trigeminal neuralgia: a symptomatic study on 126 successive patients with and without previous intervention. Pain Clinic 2000; 12: 93-101.

Cruccu G, Gronseth G, Alksne J, Argoff C, Brainin M, Burchiel K, Nurmikko T, Zakrzewska,.M. AAN-EFNS guidelines on trigeminal neuralgia management. Eur J Neurol 2008: 15; 1013-1028.
Drangsholt M, Truelove E. Trigeminal neuralgia mistaken as temporomandibular disorder. J Evid Base Dent Pract 2001; 1: 41-50.

Fromm GH, Graff-Radford SB, Terrence CF, Sweet WH. Pre-trigeminal neuralgia. Neurology 1990; 40: 1493-1495.

Katusic S, Beard CM, Bergstralh E, Kurland LT. Incidence and clinical features of trigeminal neuralgia, Rochester, Minnesota, 1945-1984. Ann Neurol 1990; 27: 89-95.

Obermann M, Yoon MS, Ese D et al. Impaired trigeminal nociceptive processing in patients with trigeminal neuralgia. Neurology 2007; 69: 835-841.

Pareja JA, Cuadrado ML, Caminero AB, Barriga FJ, Baron M, Sanchez-del-Rio M. Duration of attacks of first division trigeminal neuralgia. Cephalalgia 2005; 25: 305-308.

Rasmussen P. Facial pain. II. A prospective survey of 1052 patients with a view of: character of the attacks, onset, course, and character of pain. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 1990; 107: 121-128.

Rasmussen P. Facial pain. III. A prospective study of the localization of facial pain in 1052 patients. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 1991; 108: 53-63.

Rasmussen P. Facial pain. IV. A prospective study of 1052 patients with a view of: precipitating factors, associated symptoms, objective psychiatric and neurological symptoms. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 1991; 108: 100-109.

Tolle T, Dukes E, Sadosky A. Patient burden of trigeminal neuralgia: Results from a cross-sectional survey of health state impairment and treatment patterns in six European countries. Pain Practice 2006; 6: 153-160.

Zakrzewska JM. Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of trigeminal neuralgia. Clin J Pain 2002; 18: 14-21. Painful trigeminal neuropathy attributed to acute Herpes zoster
Bowsher D. The management of postherpetic neuralgia. Postgrad Med J 1997; 73: 623-629.

Dworkin RH, Portenoy RK. Pain and its persistence in herpes zoster. Pain 1996; 67: 241-252.

Ragozzino MW, Melton LJ, Kerland LT, Chu CP, Perry HO. Population-based study of Herpes Zoster and its sequelae. Medicine 1982; 61: 310-316. Post-herpetic trigeminal neuropathy
Alvarez FK, de Siqueira SR, Okada M, Teixeira MJ, de Siqueira JT. Evaluation of the sensation in patients with trigeminal post-herpetic neuralgia. J Oral Pathol Med 2007; 36: 347-350.

Lazaro C, Caseras X, Baños MD. Postherpetic neuralgia: a descriptive analysis of patients seen in pain clinics. Reg Anesth Pain Med 2003; 18: 315-320. Painful post-traumatic trigeminal neuropathy
Ardekian, L. and Dodson TB. Complications associated with the placement of dental implants. Oral Maxillofacial Surg Clin N Amer 2003; 15: 243-249.

Benoliel R, Zadik Y, et al. Peripheral painful traumatic trigeminal neuropathy: clinical features in 91 cases and proposal of novel diagnostic criteria. J Orofac Pain 2012; 26: 49-58.

Jaaskelainen S K, Teerijoki-Oksa T, et al. Neurophysiologic and quantitative sensory testing in the diagnosis of trigeminal neuropathy and neuropathic pain. Pain 2005; 117: 349-357.

Polycarpou N, Ng YL, et al. Prevalence of persistent pain after endodontic treatment and factors affecting its occurrence in cases with complete radiographic healing. Int Endod J 2005; 38: 169-178.

Queral-Godoy E, Figueiredo R, et al. Frequency and evolution of lingual nerve lesions following lower third molar extraction. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2006; 64: 402-407.

Renton T, Adey-Viscuso D, et al. Trigeminal nerve injuries in relation to the local anaesthesia in mandibular injections. Brit Dent J 2010; 209: E15.

Renton T, Yilmaz Z. Profiling of patients presenting with posttraumatic neuropathy of the trigeminal nerve. J Orofac Pain 2011; 25: 333-344. Painful trigeminal neuropathy attributed to multiple sclerosis (MS) plaque
Cruccu G, Biasiotta A, Di RS, Fiorelli M, Galeotti F, Innocenti P, et al. Trigeminal neuralgia and pain related to multiple sclerosis. Pain 2009; 143: 186-191.

Mueller D, Obermann M, Yoon MS et al. Prevalence of trigeminal neuralgia and persistent idiopathic facial pain: a population-based study. Cephalalgia 2011; 31: 1542-1548.

O’Connor AB, Schwid SR, Herrmann DN, Markman JD, Dworkin RH. Pain associated with multiple sclerosis: systematic review and proposed classification. Pain 2008; 137: 96-111. Painful trigeminal neuropathy attributed to space occupying lesion
Cheng TM, Cascino TL, Onofrio BM. Comprehensive study of diagnosis and treatment of trigeminal neuralgia secondary to tumors. Neurology 1993; 43: 2298-2302.

13.2 Glossopharyngeal neuralgia
Kandan SR, Khan S, Jeyaretna DS, Lhatoo S, Patel NK, Coakham HB. Neuralgia of the glossopharyngeal and vagal nerves: long-term outcome following surgical treatment and literature review. Br J Neurosurg 2010; 24: 441-446.

Katusic S, Williams DB, Beard CM, Bergstralh E, Kurland LT. Incidence and clinical features of glossopharyngeal neuralgia, Rochester, Minnesota, 1945-1984. Neuroepidemiology 1991; 10: 266-275.

Patel A, Kassam A, Horowitz M, Chang YF. Microvascular decompression in the management of glossopharyngeal neuralgia: analysis of 217 cases. Neurosurgery 2002; 50: 705-710.

Rushton JG, Stevens JC, Miller RH. Glossopharyngeal (vagoglossopharyngeal) neuralgia: a study of 217 cases. Arch Neurol 1981; 38: 201-205.

13.3 Nervus intermedius (facial nerve) neuralgia
Alfieri A, Strauss C. Microvascular decompression may be an effective treatment for nervus intermedius neuralgia. J Laryngol Otol 2011; 125: 765.

Bruyn GW. Nervus intermedius neuralgia (Hunt). In: Rose FC (ed) Headache. Handbook of Clinical Neurology. Amsterdam: Elsevier 1986; 4: 487-494.

Pulec JL. Geniculate neuralgia: long-term results of surgical treatment. Ear Nose Throat J 2002; 81: 30-33.

Riederer F, Sándor PS, Linnebank M, Ettlin DA. Familial occipital and nervus intermedius neuralgia in a Swiss family. J Headache Pain 2010; 11: 335-338.

13.4 Occipital neuralgia
Bartsch T, Goadsby P. Anatomy and physiology of pain referral in primary and cervicogenic headache disorders. Headache Curr 2005; 2: 42-48.

Boes Ch. C2 myelitis presenting with neuralgiform occipital pain. Neurology 2005; 64: 1093-1094.

Bogduk N et al The anatomy and pathphysiology of neck pain. Phys Med Rehabil Clin North Amer 2005; 14: 455-472.

Ehni G, Benner B. Occipital neuralgia and the C1-C2 arthrosis syndrome. NEJM 1984; 310: 127.

13.5 Optic neuritis
Du Y, Yang J, Li JJ, Zhou RW, He JF. Unilateral optic neuritis in a Chinese population in three centers. J Clin Neurosci 2011; 18: 902-904.

Fazzone H E, Lefton DR, Kupersmith MJ. Optic neuritis: correlation of pain and magnetic resonance imaging. Ophthalmology 2003; 110: 1646-1649.

Optic Neuritis Study Group. The clinical profile of optic neuritis. Experience of the Optic Neuritis Treatment Trial. Arch Ophthalmol 1991; 109: 1673-1678.

13.6 Headache attributed to ischaemic ocular motor nerve palsy
Kennard C. Disorders of eye movements I. In Swash M, Oxbury J (eds). Clinical neurology. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone 1991: 446-447.

Waind APB. Ocular nerve palsy associated with severe headache. BMJ 1956; 2: 901-902.

Wilker S, Rucker J, Newman N, Biousse V, Tomsak R. Pain in ischemic ocular motor nerve palsies. Br J Ophthalmology 2009; 93: 1657-1659.

13.7 Tolosa-Hunt syndrome
Cakirer S. MRI findings in Tolosa-Hunt syndrome before and after systemic corticosteroid therapy. Eur J Radiol 2003; 45: 83-90.

Cohn DF, Carasso R, Streifler M. Painful ophthalmoplegia: the Tolosa-Hunt syndrome. Eur Neurol 1979; 18: 373-381.

de Arcaya AA, Cerezal L, Canga A, Polo JM, Berciano J, Pascual J. Neuroimaging diagnosis of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome: MRI contribution. Headache 1999; 39: 321-325.

Goto Y, Goto I, Hosokawa S. Neurological and radiological studies in painful ophthalmoplegia: Tolosa-Hunt syndrome and orbital pseudotumour. J Neurol 1989; 236: 448-451.

La Mantia L, Curone M, Rapoport AM, Bussone G. Tolosa-Hunt syndrome: critical literature review based on IHS 2004 criteria. Cephalalgia 2006; 26: 772-781.

Odabasi Z, Gokcil Z, Atilla S, Pabuscu Y, Vural O, Yardim M. The value of MRI in a case of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome. Clinical Neurol Neurosurg 1997; 99: 151-154.

Straube A, Bandmann O, Buttner U, Schmidt H. A contrast enhanced lesion of the III nerve on MR of a patient with ophthalmoplegic migraine as evidence for a Tolosa-Hunt syndrome. Headache 1993; 33: 446-448.

13.8 Paratrigeminal oculosympathetic (Raeder’s) syndrome
Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Ghabili K, Loukas M, Oakes WJ, Cohen-Gadol AA. Johan Georg Raeder and paratrigeminal sympathetic paresis. Childs Nerv Syst 2010; 26: 373-376.

Solomon S. Raeder syndrome. Arch Neurol 2001; 58: 661-662.

Goadsby PJ. Raeder’s syndrome: paratrigeminal paralysis of the oculopupillary sympathetic system. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 2002; 72: 297-299.

13.9 Recurrent painful ophthalmoplegic neuropathy
Bharucha DX, Campbell TB, Valencia I, Hardison HH, Kothare SV. MRI findings in pediatric ophthalmoplegic migraine: a case report and literature review. Pediatric Neurol 2007; 37: 59-63.

Doran M, Larner AJ. MRI findings in ophthalmoplegic migraine: nosological implications. J Neurol 2004; 251: 100-101.

Gelfand AA, Gelfand JM, Prabakhar P, Goadsby PJ. Ophthalmoplegic ”migraine” or recurrent ophthalmoplegic cranial neuropathy: New cases and a systematic review. J Child Neurol 2012; 27: 759-766.

Lance JW, Zagami AS. Ophthalmoplegic migraine: a recurrent demyelinating neuropathy? Cephalalgia 2001; 21: 84-89.

Weiss AH, Phillips JO. Ophthalmoplegic migraine. Pediatric Neurol 2004; 30: 64-66.

13.10 Burning mouth syndrome (BMS)
Bergdahl M, Bergdahl J. Burning mouth syndrome: prevalence and associated factors. J Oral Pathol Med 1999; 28: 350-354.

Eliav E, Kamran B, Schaham R, Czerninski R, Gracely RH, Benoliel R. Evidence of chorda tympani dysfunction in patients with burning mouth syndrome. J Am Dent Assoc 2007; 138: 628-633.

Forssell H, Jaaskelainen S, Tenovuo O, Hinkka S. Sensory dysfunction in burning mouth syndrome. Pain 2002; 99: 41-47.

Jaaskelainen SK, Forssell H, Tenovuo O. Abnormalities of the blink reflex in burning mouth syndrome. Pain 1997; 73: 455-460.

Lauria G, Majorana A, Borgna M, Lombardi R, Penza P, Padovani A, et al. Trigeminal small-fiber sensory neuropathy causes burning mouth syndrome. Pain 2005; 115: 332-337.

Patton LL, Siegel MA, Benoliel R, De Laat A. Management of burning mouth syndrome: systematic review and management recommendations. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2007; 103 Suppl 39: 1-13.

Sardella A, Gualerzi A, Lodi G, Sforza C, Carrassi A, Donetti E. Morphological evaluation of tongue mucosa in burning mouth syndrome. Arch Oral Biol 2012; 57: 94-101.

Scala A, Checchi L, Montevecchi M, Marini I, Giamberardino MA. Update on burning mouth syndrome: overview and patient management. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 2003; 14: 275-291.

Woda A, Pionchon P. A unified concept of idiopathic orofacial pain: clinical features. J Orofac Pain 1999; 13: 172-184.

13.11 Persistent idiopathic facial pain (PIFP)
Aggarwal VR, McBeth J, Lunt M, Zakrzewska JM, Macfarlane GJ. Development and validation of classification criteria for idiopathic orofacial pain for use in population-based studies. J Orofac Pain 2007; 21: 203-215.

Aggarwal VR, McBeth J, Lunt M, Zakrzewska J, Macfarlane GJ. Epidemiology of chronic symptoms that are frequently unexplained: do they share common associated factors? Int J Epidemiol 2006; 35; 468-476.

Forssell H, Tenovuo O, Silvoniemi P, Jääskeläinen SK. Differences and similarities between atypical facial pain and trigeminal neuropathic pain. Neurology 2007; 69: 1451-1459.

List T, Leijon G, Svensson P. Somatosensory abnormalities in atypical odontalgia: A case-control study. Pain 2008; 139: 333-341.

Pfaffenrath V, Rath M, Pollmann W, Keeser W. Atypical facial pain – application of the IHS criteria in a clinical sample. Cephalalgia 1993; 13 Suppl 12: 84-88.

Sardella A, Demarosi F, Barbieri C, Lodi G. An up-to-date view on persistent idiopathic facial pain. Minerva Stomatol 2009; 58: 289-299.

13.12 Central neuropathic pain
Abhinav K, Love S, Kalantzis G, Coakham HB, Patel NK. Clinicopathological review of patients with and without multiple sclerosis treated by partial sensory rhizotomy for medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia: A 12-year retrospective study. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2012; 114: 361-365.

Cruccu G, Biasiotta A, Di Rezze S, Fiorelli M, Galeotti F, Innocenti P, et al. Trigeminal neuralgia and pain related to multiple sclerosis. Pain 2009; 143: 186-91.

Jensen TS, Rasmussen P, Reske-Nielsen E. Association of trigeminal neuralgia with multiple sclerosis : clinical pathological features. Acta Neurol Scand 1982; 65: 182-189.

Putzki N, Pfriem A, Limmroth V, Yaldizli O, Tettenborn B, Diener HC, et al. Prevalence of migraine, tension-type headache and trigeminal neuralgia in multiple sclerosis. Eur J Neurol 2009; 16: 262-267.

13.12.1 Central neuropathic pain attributed to multiple sclerosis (MS)
Mills RJ, Young CA, Smith ET. Central trigeminal involvement in multiple sclerosis using high-resolution MRI at 3 T. Br J Radiol 2010; 83: 493-498.

Osterberg A, Boivie J, Thuomas KA. Central pain in multiple sclerosis – prevalence and clinical characteristics. Eur J Pain 2005; 9: 531-542.

Osterberg A, Boivie J. Central pain in multiple sclerosis – sensory abnormalities. Eur J Pain 2010; 14: 104-110.

13.12.2 Central post-stroke pain
Bowsher D, Leijon G, Thuomas KA. Central poststroke pain. Correlation of MRI with clinical pain characteristics and sensory abnormalities. Neurology 1998; 51: 1352-1358.

Fitzek S, Baumgartner U, Fitzek C et al. Mechanisms and Predictors of chronic facial pain in lateral medullary infarction. Ann Neurol 2001; 49: 493-500.

Hong JH, Bai DS, Jeong JY, Choi BY, Chang CH, Kim SH, et al. Injury of the spino-thalamo-cortical pathway is necessary for central post-stroke pain. Eur Neurol 2010; 64: 163-168.

Kalita J, Kumar B, Misra UK, Pradhan PK. Central post stroke pain: clinical, MRI, and SPECT correlation. Pain Med 2011; 12: 282-288.

Klit H, Finnerup NB, Jensen TS. Central post-stroke pain: clinical characteristics, pathophysiology, and management. Lancet-Neurology 2009; 8: 857-868.

MacGowan DJ, Janal MN, Clark WC, Wharton RN, Lazar RM, Sacco RL, et al. Central poststroke pain and Wallenberg’s lateral medullary infarction: frequency, character, and determinants in 63 patients. Neurology 1997; 49: 120-125.

Tuveson B, Leffler AS, Hansson P. Influence of heterotopic noxious conditioning stimulation on spontaneous pain and dynamic mechanical allodynia in central post-stroke pain patients. Pain 2009; 143: 84-91.